- Hybridizing

A couple of weeks after Rick Gray's demonstration (see video above) I tried hybridizing and to my amazement it worked. See the photos below and on the right as the process enfolds.

Click to enlarge the photos


(1) Before ferterlization

newly ferterlized

(2) After ferterlization

pod growing

(4) Seed pod forming and growing

Flower drying up but the pod is still green

(5) Lifting up the petals          you can still see the          green pod under the          petals. 12/10/11

Identifying with white yarn

(6) White yarn is tied around the ferterlized pod for identification.

Continued on the right column.

The stamen, tipped with anthers is considered the male part.  It carries the pollen.  The pistil (not seen) consists of the ovary, style and stigma and produces the seeds.  It is considered the female part.

A bloom stalk is a spray of blossoms on a stem that grows between the leaves.

A peduncle is the stem that supports the entire blossom cluster.

A bud is an unopened or partly opened blossom.






Process starts on left column with (1)

Click to enlarge the photos

Dried pod
(7) dried pod, 5 months later

Close up of the pod with seeds

(8) close up of the pod cut open. click to enlarge


(9) seeds are dropped in pot and 4 weeks later the seedlings have sprouted

the seedlings are now in their own pots

(10) June 10, 2012,(6 months later) they are now small plants in their own pots

here are some of the new plants in bloom

(11) August 18, 2012
(8 months later) blooms

dramatic bloom

Here a one of the dramatic blooms.

Reprinted with the permission of Dr. Jeff Smith

Remember that a "Dominant" trait will be passed on from just one parent to half or all of the offspring. "Recessive" traits must be inherited from both parents and are somewhat harder to get expressed in the offspring. This is because recessive traits may be visible in the parent, or they can be hidden by the presence of the dominant trait.

Maternal Traits (inherited through the seed parent): Tommie Lou and Crown Variegation, Mosaic Variegation (expression of potential)

Linked Traits (usually inherited together) Raspherry Edge and Pink/Red Flower Color; Ruffled flowers and Ruffled foliage; Wasp flowers and Bustled foliage

Macro of the stamen & pistils

Macro of African violet stamen & Pistils
amazing photo by "Photo by Jeff on Flickr"
link to see all his African violet photos on Flickr.

 List of known genetic traits in African violets

Flower Traits
Violet Shape (pansy shape)
Star Shape
Wasp Shape
Other Shapes
Geneva Edges
Solid Edges
Raspberry Edges
Solid Edges
Colored Edges
Non-Colored Edges
Green Edges
Non-Colored Edges
Fringed Edges
Non-Fringed Edges
Wavy Edges
Non Wavy

Edges Traits
Fantasy Pattern (dot)
Solid Flowers
Fantasy Pattern (puff)
Solid Flowers
Double Flowers
Single Flowers
Semi-Double Flowers
Single Flowers
Stick Tight Single Flowers
Dropping Single Flowers
Pale Colors
Dark Colors
Blue Flowers
All Other Colors
Red Flowers
Pink, Yellow, White
Yellow Flowers
White Flowers
Non-Coral Colors
Coral Family Colors
Coral Blue Flowers
Coral Red or Coral Pink
Coral Red Flowers
Coral Pink
Bluing Factor
Mottled Flowers
Non-Mottled Flowers
Dogwood Dots
Solid Flowers
Thumbprint Flowers
Solid Flowers
Long Bloom Stalks
Short Bloom Stalks
Small Groups of Flowers
Mass Grouping of Flowers
Presentation Type
Presentation Type

Leaf Traits
Girl Foliage
Boy Foliage
Quilted Foliage
Plain Foliage
Ruffled Foliage
Plain Foliage
Plain Foliage
Spooned Foliage
Longifolio Shape
Regular Shape
Bustled Foliage
Plain Foliage
Strawberry Foliage
Plain Foliage
Red Backing
Green Backing
Watermelon Veins
Plain Veins
Clackamus Veins
Plain Veins
Appressed Leaf Hairs
Erect Leaf Hairs
Solid Foliage
Mosaic Variegation (Potential)

Plant Traits
Small Size
Normal Size
Trailing (may be different
depending on the species plant the trailer is bred from)

Reprinted with the permission of Dr. Jeff Smith

Parts of the African Violet

Parts of a violeet